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Classification of the main interior styles

In this article, we will introduce you to the main trends and styles in interior design. So, styles are divided into three main groups. They are historical, ethnic and modern. Let's consider them in more detail.

Historical interior styles

Historical interior styles

Each of the styles of this group was formed in a certain historical period. It is the era that sets the main characteristics of the style and the elements that form it. Historical styles include Renaissance, Rococo, Baroque, Gothic, classicism, Empire, modern.

General characteristic:

  • Observance of balance and symmetry in the organization of space.
  • Predominance of pastel colors. Rich, deep colors can only be in the decor.
  • Use of natural finishing materials (stone, wood).
  • Quality solid furniture with luxurious textile upholstery.
  • Expensive decorative elements (paintings, sculptures, candlesticks).

Historical styles remain relevant to this day. This interior is suitable for conservative individuals who prefer luxury and comfort. Now about briefly each of them.

Renaissance

Style of wealth and luxury. The main style-forming elements are high-quality textiles, luxury furniture with inlay or carving, natural finishing materials. Widely used stucco, wall and ceiling painting. The interior in the Renaissance style is characterized by a coordinated and symmetrical arrangement of elements. In the color scheme, the main thing is to avoid contrast. Everything is built on a smooth and harmonious game of semitones. Read more...

Baroque and Rococo

Very sophisticated styles, striking pomp, and ostentatious luxury. Here each element is a work of art with an abundance of complex and pretentious decor. Only expensive materials are used in the decoration: velvet, brocade, silk, marble, elite woods. The color scheme is characterized by a game of contrasting colors and has no restrictions.

Gothic

Traditional elements of Gothic interior-exquisite stained glass Windows, luxurious furniture, antique art objects. Heavy, dense textiles (brocade, velvet, curtain fabric) are used for decoration. All elements of the style emphasize the vertical orientation. The color palette is dominated by deep, rich, expensive colors.

Classicism

Elegant and majestic style without decorative frills. The composition of the room is geometrically correct, zoned columns and not overloaded with furnishings. All elements of the interior should be expensive and high quality, but restrained. The color palette is light in pastel colors. Bright colors are not allowed.

Empire

Solemn and theatrical style with an abundance of military attributes, sculptural designs, and decorative elements (columns, pilasters, griffins, sphinxes, etc.). The color palette is dominated by red, blue, cyan, and white.

Nouveau

In this style, high art and functionalism merged. A characteristic feature is the rejection of straight lines and angles. Whimsically curved, wavy lines, duplicated in furniture and other decorative elements, create an amazing and harmonious interior. Preference is given to the natural color palette.

Ethnic interior styles

Ethnic interior styles

The style is based on the traditions of decoration of living space by one or another people. The main role in creating an interior in ethnic style is played by decor and accessories. The most popular destinations are Scandinavian, Japanese, Chinese, African, Egyptian, Oriental.

Scandinavian style

It is laconic and cozy interior. It is characterized by large bright spaces, not cluttered with furniture and not overloaded with color and decor. Simple furniture, cozy textiles, natural finishing materials are the main elements of this style. Colors: white, gray, blue, beige and other light shades. Decor are plants and handmade products.

Japanese style

Compactness, ergonomics and functionalism — that's what distinguishes the interior in the Japanese style. Here everything is subject to these principles-furniture, decoration, decor. But despite the minimalism and simplicity, it is very harmonious. In the color palette preference is given to monochrome.

Chinese style

This style does not tolerate clutter. Here everything should be thought out to the smallest detail. It is distinguished by the use of exquisite accessories and bright colors (red, yellow, green). An important component is polished furniture in the national style of natural wood.

African style

Very bright and unusual style with an abundance of decorative elements and accessories. A variety of natural materials are combined in the decoration of the premises. A special place in the creation of the African interior is played by furniture-massive and a little rough, decorated around the perimeter with carved ornaments. The color scheme uses warm natural colors (yellow, orange, red, green, brown).

Egyptian style

Luxurious, solemn and mysterious style, with a coordinated and symmetrical arrangement of elements. Furniture, textiles, decorative items, finishing materials — all of the highest quality. The peculiarity of the Egyptian style is the mandatory use of columns, original archways, niches. Sculptural elements and furniture are covered with geometric ornament. In the color palette, in addition to gold, shades of brown, blue and green are actively used.

Oriental style

Despite the fabulous splendor, the Oriental interior is not devoid of sophistication. This is achieved through vaulted ceilings, arches, rich carvings on furniture facades and exquisite ornamental solutions in the decor. The bright textile drapery of the walls, handmade carpets, colorful lanterns, and decorative pillows make the style rich and colorful.

Modern interior styles

Modern interior styles

In modern interiors, it is not necessary to have luxurious furniture, expensive finishing materials or complex sculptural elements. They are the most valued functionality, technical equipment and efficient use of space. Modern styles include high-tech, loft, minimalism, country, eco-style, pop art.

High tech

Functional and high-tech style that does not recognize decorative and color excesses. The furniture is comfortable and laconic, correct geometric shape. The color scheme is monochrome.

Loft

Deliberately laid-back interior. Characteristic features of the style-bare brick or stucco walls, open communications, open plan, high ceilings, a combination of vintage and ultra-modern furniture. The color palette is dominated by natural shades and restrained tones.

Minimalism

Straight lines, sharp corners, lots of air and light are the main features of minimalism. This style excludes non-functional and catchy items. Transforming furniture, built-in appliances, the use of plastic and glass saves the living space from clutter, making it stylish and cozy. The main colors of the palette are white-gray, blue, beige.

Country

Very cozy and original style. The main features of the style are the use of only natural materials, furniture made of aged wood, dense textiles with a floral pattern or a cage. Accessories play an important role: paintings, photo frames, handmade products, flowers. The color palette is dominated by brown, green and beige.

Eco-style

A natural and eco-friendly style that celebrates the harmony and beauty of nature. The basic principles-natural materials in furniture and decoration, a lot of plants and natural elements of decor. Colors: green, brown, olive, white, beige.

Pop-art

Incredibly bright and emotional style. The main materials are plastic, synthetic, glass, chrome. Characteristic features: bright futuristic furniture with a catchy pattern, a large number of unusual decorative items, artistic compositions of repeating elements. The color palette is as bright and psychedelic as possible.

In all the variety of interior solutions, everyone will find something interesting. The main thing — in the pursuit of originality and shocking not to forget about comfort and coziness.